RIZAL'S GRAND TOUR OF EUROPE WITH VIOLA
*After the publication of Noli,Rizal planned to visit the important places in Europe.
-Dr. Maximo Viola agreed to be his traveling companion.
-Rizal had recieved Paciano's remittance of P1,000 w/c as forwarded by Juan Luna from paris.
-He immediately paid Viola the sum P300 w/c the latter kindly loaned so that he Noli could printed.
THE TOUR BEGINS:
*May 11,1887-Rizal and Viola ,two brown-skinned doctors on roaming spree,left to Berlin by Train.
*it was an ideal season for travel .spring was in the air,and all over Europe the flowers were blooming,the meadows were turning green , and the villages were humming w/ activity.
*''one of the best cities i Germany ".
*Rizal who was interested in botany.
*he studied the numerous plant varieties of extraordinary beauty and size.
*they visited Adolph B. Meyer -who was overjoyed to see them.
*in the Museum of Art ,w/c they also visited ,Rizal was deeply impressed by a painting of "Prometheus Bound" and recalled seeing a representation of the same idea in art gallery in Paris.
FIRST MEETING W/ BLUMENTRITT:
*May 13,1887-the train,w/ Rizal and Viola on board ,arrived at the railroad station of Leitmeritz,Bohemia.
*Professor Blumentritt who had received their wire ,was at the station.
*He was carrying a pencil sketch of Rizal w/c the latter had previously sent him.,so that he coukd identify his filipino friend .
*Rizal and Blumentritt who came to know each other by correpondence, met in person.
*Professor Blumentritt ,the ge nial host ,helped Rizal and Viola get a room at Hotel Krebs.
BEAUTIFUL MEMORIES OF LEITMERITZ:
*He enjoyed the warm hospitality of the Blumentritt family.
*The Professor wife ROSA,was a good cook,and she prepared special Austrian dishes w/c Rizal liked very much.
*He children were Dolores (called Dora or Dorita by Rizal),Conrad,and Fritz.
*Blumentriit proved to be a great tourist guide as well as a hospitable host.
*Rizal and Viola visited the tomb of Copernicus ,the famous astronomer;the museum of natural history;the bacteriological laboratories;the famous cave where san juan Nepomuceno,the Catholic saint,was imprisoned;and the bridge from w/c this saint was hurled into the river.
*""QUEEN O THE DANUBE"".
*May 20.Rizal and Viola arrived in the beautiful city of Vienna,the capital pf AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.
*Famous in song and story,this city fascinated Rizal because of its beautiful buildings,religious images,haunting waltzes,and majestic charm.
*This Swiss city is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe,visited by world tourists every year.
*THe people of Geneva were linguists,speaking french,German and Italian.
*Rizal and Viola spent fifteen delightful days in Geneva .On june 23,they parted ways-Viola returned to Barcelona while Rizal continued the tour to italy.
RIZAL IN ITALY:
*He visited TURIN,VENICE,and FLORENCE.
*June 27,1887- he reached Rome ,the ETERNAL CITY and also called "CITY OF CAESARS.
*He was thrilled by the sights and memories of the Eternal City.Describng to Blumentritt ,the"granduer that was Rome".
*He wrote on June 27 ,1887.
EXILE IN DAPITAN,1892-96
*a remote town in mindanao w/c was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits,from 1892 to 1896.
*This four year interregnum in his life was tediously unexciting,but was abundantly fruitful w/ varied achievements.
*He practised medicine ,pursued scientific studies,continued his artistic and literary works,widened his knowledge of languages
,established a school for boys, promoted community development projects.
BEGINNING OF EXILE IN DAPITAN:
*The steamer cebu w/c brought Rizal to Dapitan carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells,Superior of the Jesuit Society in the Philippines,to Father Antonio Obach,jesuits parish priest of Dapitan.
Rizal could live at the parish convent on the following condition::
1.''That Rizal publicly retract his errors concerning religion,and make statements that were clearly pro-Spanish and revolution.
2.''That he perform the church rites and make a general confession of his past life.
3.''That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a spanish subject and a man of religion".
*Rizal on his part,admired the kind generous spanish captain.As evidence of his esteem,he wrote a poem,a don ricardo canicero,on august 26,1892,on the accasin of the captain's birthday.
RIZAL WINS MANILA LOTTERY-HE WON THE SECOND PRICED OF P20,000.
RIZAL- PASTELLS DEBATE ON RELIGIN:
*Rizal had a long and scholarly debate w/Father Pastells on religion.
*This interesting religious debate may be read in the four letters written by Rizal,as follows:
IN FATHER PASELLS 'REPLIES DATED:
4.APRIL(no exact date)1893
*Father Pastells tried his best to win back rizal to fold catholiscism.
RIZAL AND FATHER SANCHEZ
*instructed two jesuits in mindanao -father obach cura of the dapitan and father jose vilaclara, cura of dipolo.
* father sanchez,since rizal days at the antonio,had spent 3 yrs in europe and return to manila in 1881 to resume teaching at the antonio.
* he was only the spanish priest to defend rizals noli me tangete in public .
IDYLLIC LIFE IN DAPITAN
*rizal had exemplary life ,idyllic in serenity.
* august 1893 members of rizals family took turns in visiting him in order to assuage his loneliness in isolated outpost of spanish power in the moroland.
RIZAL INCOUNTERED W/ THE FRIARS SPY
* this spy w/ the assume name of " pablo mercado" and possing as a relative,secretly visited rizal at his house on the night of november 3,1892.he introduce him self as a frend and relative showing a photo of rizal in a pair of bottons w/ the initials p.m. as evedence of his kinship f the rizal family.
*RIZAL BEING A PHYSICIAN IN DAPITAN.
RIZAL HAVEA COMMUNITY PROJECT FOR DAPITAN
*he decided to improve,to the best of his god given talent and to awaken the civic conciousness of his people .
*he wrote to fr. pastel: "i w ant to do all that i can for this town".
RIZAL AS A TEACHER
*RIZAL THOUGHT HIS BOYS READING,writings,languages(spanish and english) geography,history,mathimatics,ETC...
hym to talisay
*he wrote a poem entitled himno at talisay to his pupils to sing.
ARTISTIC WORK IN DAPITAN
*HE CONTRIBUTED HIS PAINTINGS SKILLS TO THE SISTER of charity who were preparing the sunctuary of the holy virgin and the private chapel.
*rizal made sketches of person paintings that attract him in dapitan
RIZAL AS A FARMER
*RIZAL DEVOTED AT THIS TIME TO AGRICULTURE he bought 16 hectares of land in talisay.
RIZAL AS A BUSINEESMAN
*IN PARTNERSHIP w/ ramon carrion,a dapitan merchant,he made a propitable business ventur es in fishng,copra and hemp industries.
RIZALS IN VENTED ABILITY
* he invented a cegarrete lighter w/c he sent as a gift to blumentritt. he called it sulpukan .this unique cigarette lighter hsa made of wood.
*rizal wrote a beautiful poem about his serene life as excile in dapitan and sent to her on october 22, 1895
RIZAL AND JOSPHEN BRACKIN
*she was josephn brackin,an irish girl of sweet 18,slander,chestnut,blond w/ blue eyes ,dresse an elegant simplicity,she was born on hongkong on october 3,1876 o irish perish-james bracken,a corporal in the british garreson and elesabeth jane mcbride.
RIZAL IN THE CATIPUNAN
*may 2,1996 dr.pio valensuela was named immesary to dapitan in order to inform rizal in plan of the katipunan to luanched a re volution for freedom sake.
RIZALS VOLUNTERED AS MILITARY IN CUBA.
THE SONG OF TRAVELER RIZAL WROTE HIS HEART WARMING POEM.
* on july 31,1896 rizals 4 yr exile in dapitan came to an end midnight of that date, he embarked on board the steamer espana
*he was accompanied by josephen, narsisa angelica(narcisas daughter) his 3 nephews in 6 pupils.